They see development as a lifelong process that can be scientifically studied in three domains of development: physical, cognitive and psychosocial development. When used in connection with human development, the word domain refers to specific aspects of growth and change. The main developmental domains are physical, cognitive, language and social-emotional. The physical domain describes the growth in size and weight.
Brain development is part of the physical domain. Proper nutrition and medical care are important throughout childhood because babies and young children grow faster than at any other time in life. Motor skills are an important aspect of physical mastery. Gross motor skills describe the ability to stand, walk, run, and move.
Fine motor skills include hand movements, which affect activities such as eating, holding objects, using tools, and more. The development of hand-eye coordination plays a role in the development of fine motor skills. The social domain refers to the ability to understand and interact with others. Increased social development allows children to get along well with others.
As cognitive abilities develop, social development becomes. When a child realizes that they are a different human being, they may develop anxiety with unknown environments or people. Anxiety decreases as cognitive development allows us to understand that familiar places and people will return. Parents and caregivers can promote social development with developmentally appropriate situations.
This includes encouragement and positive reinforcement. Children move from self-centered and independent play to parallel play in small groups, to cooperative play and interaction in increasingly large groups. Teresa, who was born prematurely, spent many months in the NICU. Cognitive and physical development is lower than that of children of the same age.
Teresa has trouble sharing and playing in groups of other children of the same age, and she prefers to play alone. Teresa sometimes has emotional outbursts, as social delays caused by cognitive delays affect emotional development. Parents and teachers are successful in structuring environments and experiences so that Teresa has time to reach developmental milestones. For example, good nutrition, physical activity and sufficient sleep promote children's ability to participate in social interactions that, in turn, stimulate cognitive growth.
The use of digital media can facilitate reflection through documentation and formative evaluation by children, educators and families. Educators create learning environments that reflect children's interests; provide sustained time and opportunities for children to participate in self-directed games (individually and in small groups). The four aspects of language development are phonology (converting the constituent sounds of a language into words), syntax (joining those words into sentences according to the rules and conventions of the language), semantics (meaning and nuances of meaning) and pragmatics (how language is applied in practice and communication) interpersonal). The ability to communicate with others grows from childhood, but children develop these skills at different rates.
Science is clear that children can learn several languages as easily as one, with the right exposure and practice, and this process provides cognitive advantages. Emotional and social development is supported by greater language development, since the ability to express feelings and ask questions helps to manage feelings. As noted above with respect to brain development, children's feelings of safety and security are essential to the development of higher-order thinking skills, so fostering that sense of belonging is essentially a brain development activity. To promote a sense of self, ask your child about their interests and passions and encourage them to identify their strengths and weaknesses.
Educators understand that children's current abilities are largely the result of the experiences, the learning opportunities that children have had. Delayed physical development can interfere with the ability to speak and verbalize feelings, a delay in language development. This mobility, in turn, affects both their cognitive development and their ability to satisfy their curiosity, underlining the importance of adaptations for children with disabilities that limit their mobility. .